Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa as new capital of Canada.

Queen Victoria is one of the longest reigning monarchs in history.  At 17 she became queen, and at 18 she was officially coronated. In 1876 she also gave herself the title of Empress of India, as the United Kingdom came to control much of India. At 21 she married her cousin Prince Albert, and they had 9 children. From there, 34 grandchildren were born, 26 survived, and they married throughout Europe’s nobility which made Queen Victoria “the grandmother of Europe.”

On this day December 31st, in 1857, Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa as the new capital of Canada. Ottawa is in the state of Ontario. Ontario’s largest city is Toronto, a place famous for its nightlife, towers, and a generally relaxed demeanor.

Ottawa is the second largest city. 2011 census stated that Ottawa’s population was 880,000, while its metropolitan area boasts over 1.3 million people. This city has been deemed one of the cleanest cities in the world. It has many canals, and part of the city is built around Ottawa sits on top of a dormant fault line which has been known to cause numerous earthquakes.